Heart disease is the main reason for death in America, for both men and women. It kills the most significant number of people per year. The American Heart Association states that heart disease, which causes heart attacks and strokes, causes more deaths than all forms of cancer combined.
Shocking Heart Disease Statistics in America
Here are several critical statistics about heart disease in America. The source for the health statistics is the association’s 2017 Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Update, which is compiled annually by the American Heart Association, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health and other government sources.
- Heart Disease remains to be the No. 1 cause of death in the US.
- Coronary heart disease accounts for 1 in 7 deaths in the US, killing over 360,000 people a year.
- About 790,000 people in the US have heart attacks each year. Of those, nearly 114,000 will die.
- The estimated annual incidence of heart attack in America is 580,000 new attacks and 210,000 recurrent attacks. Average age at the first heart attack is 65.3 years for males and 71.8 years for females.
- Approximately every 40 seconds, an American will have a heart attack.
- From 2004 to 2014, the annual death rate attributable to coronary heart disease declined 35.5 percent – but the burden and risk factors remain alarmingly high.
- The estimated direct and indirect cost of heart disease in 2012 to 2013 (average annual) was $199.6 billion.
- Heart attacks ($11.5 billion) and Coronary Heart Disease ($10.4 billion) were two of the ten most expensive hospital principal discharge diagnoses.
- Within the year 2030, medical costs of Coronary Heart Disease are projected to increase by about 100 percent.
What is heart disease?
The term “heart disease” is associated with several types of heart conditions. The most common type is coronary artery disease that can cause a heart attack. Other kinds of heart disease may involve the heart valves. The heart may not pump well and thus causes heart failure. Some people are born with heart disease.
Everyone, even children, can develop heart disease. It occurs when plaque builds up in your arteries. When this happens, arteries can narrow over time, reducing blood flow to the heart.
Smoking, eating unhealthy food, and a sedentary lifestyle all increase your risk of having heart disease. It is also multiplied by high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or diabetes.
Warning Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms may be variable depending on the type of heart disease. For most people, chest discomfort or a heart attack are the first signs. The signs of heart attack include:
- Chest pain or discomfort that does not go away after a few minutes;
- Pain or discomfort in the neck, jaw, or back;
- Weakness, nausea (feeling sick to your stomach), or a cold sweat;
- Pain or discomfort in the shoulders or arms;
- Shortness of breath;
If you think that you or someone else is suffering a heart attack, immediately call 911.
How is Heart Disease Diagnosed?
Several tests perform the diagnosis of heart disease. These include coronary angiograms, chest X-rays, electrocardiograms (ECG or EKG), and exercise stress tests. Ask your doctor about which of them may be appropriate for you.
Treatment of Heart Disease
If you have heart disease, some lifestyle changes, like those listed below, can help you lower the risk for complications. Your doctor also may prescribe medication to treat the disease. Talk with your healthcare specialist about the best approach to your case.
Heart Disease Prevention Advice
You can take several steps to reduce your risk for heart disease:
- Do not smoke.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Eat a healthy diet keeping hydrogenated fats, salt, and sugar to the minimum.
- Exercise regularly.
- Get enough quality sleep.
- Manage stress.
- Prevent or treat your other health conditions, especially high cholesterol, high cholesterol and diabetes.